Missouri Crop Progress: Recent hot, dry conditions reportedly stress crops in much of state

Agricultural Summary
Another week of little precipitation and above-average temperatures continues to stress crops.  There were 6.8 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supply was 41 percent very short, 40 percent short and 19 percent adequate.  The north-central and northeast districts are rated 98 short and very short. Subsoil moisture supply was 32 percent very short, 37 percent short, and 31 percent adequate.  Subsoil rated short and very short increased 14 points from last week.  The northeast district is rated 99 percent short and very short.

Field Crops Report
Ninety-seven percent of corn was in the dough stage, 16 days behind last year but same as normal (5-year average). Corn dented was 83 percent complete, 22 days behind last year and 5 days behind normal.  Corn mature was 26 percent, 32 days behind last year and 13 days behind normal. Corn harvested was 3 percent complete, 38 days behind last year and 24 days behind normal. Corn condition was 8 percent very poor, 18 percent poor, 32 percent fair, 36 percent good, and 6 percent excellent.  Soybeans setting pods was 92 percent complete, 8 days behind last year but 1 day ahead of normal. Soybeans turning color was 11 percent complete, 15 days behind last year and 7 days behind normal. Soybeans dropping leaves was 3 percent complete, 13 days behind last year and 6 days behind normal.  Soybean condition was 10 percent very poor, 19 percent poor, 35 percent fair, 31 percent good, and 5 percent excellent.  Cotton opening bolls was 5 percent complete, 30 days behind last year and 23 days behind normal.  Cotton condition was 3 percent very poor, 15 percent poor, 34 percent fair, 46 percent good, and 2 percent excellent. Rice headed was 97 percent complete, 12 days behind last year but 4 days ahead of normal.  Rice condition was 4 percent poor, 30 percent fair, 43 percent good, and 23 percent excellent.  Sorghum headed was 96 percent complete, 6 days behind last year and 2 days behind normal.  Sixty-one percent of sorghum was turning color and beyond, 6 days behind last year and 3 days behind normal. Sorghum mature was 7 percent, 18 days behind last year and 14 days behind normal. Sorghum condition was 3 percent very poor, 9 percent poor, 36 percent fair, 49 percent good, and 3 percent excellent. Alfalfa hay 3rd cutting was 93 percent, 14 days ahead of normal.

Pasture & Livestock
Pasture conditions declined to 10 percent very poor, 21 percent poor, 45 percent fair, 23 percent good, and 1 percent excellent. Supply of hay and other roughages was 1 percent very short, 9 percent short, 79 percent adequate and 11 percent surplus.  Some producers are starting to feed hay.  Stock water supplies were 2 percent very short, 18 percent short, 78 percent adequate and 2 percent surplus.

Weather Summary
Temperatures were average to 4 degrees above average across the state.  Precipitation averaged 0.15 of an inch statewide.  The west central district reported 0.38 of an inch. Johnson County reported 2.07 inches. Over the past 4 weeks the state has averaged a total of 0.66 of an inch of precipitation.

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