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NASS Crop Progress Report: Dry spell depletes topsoil moisture in NW

Through July 22

Agricultural Summary
Scattered showers provided some much needed rainfall across parts of the southern half of the state while the northern half remained mostly dry.  All crop conditions declined except for cotton.  There were 6.6 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supply was 12 percent very short, 48 percent short and 40 percent adequate. The northwest district is rated 81 percent short and very short.  Subsoil moisture supply was 6 percent very short, 37 percent short, 56 percent adequate and 1 percent surplus. Subsoil rated short and very short increased 10 points last week.

Field Crops Report
Corn silked increased 29 points to 59 percent complete, 19 days behind last year and 8 days behind normal (5-year average). Ten percent of corn was in the dough stage, 18 days behind last year and 9 days behind normal. Corn condition was 5 percent very poor, 14 percent poor, 35 percent fair, 38 percent good, and 8 percent excellent.  Soybeans blooming were 23 percent complete, 16 days behind last year and 8 days behind normal. Soybeans setting pods was 2 percent complete, 15 days behind last year and 10 days behind normal.  Soybean condition was 4 percent very poor, 12 percent poor, 38 percent fair, 41 percent good, and 5 percent excellent.  Cotton squaring was 77 percent complete, 15 days behind last year and 10 days behind normal. Cotton setting bolls was 33 percent complete, 3 days ahead of last year but 4 days behind normal.  Cotton condition was 5 percent poor, 31 percent fair, 60 percent good, and 4 percent excellent. Rice headed was 3 percent complete, 15 days behind last year and 9 days behind normal.  Rice condition was 3 percent poor, 34 percent fair, 39 percent good, and 24 percent excellent.  Sorghum headed was 14 percent complete, 15 days behind last year and 6 days behind normal. Sorghum condition was 1 percent very poor, 6 percent poor, 42 percent fair, 50 percent good, and 1 percent excellent. Alfalfa hay 2nd cutting was 84 percent, 21 days behind last year but 2 days ahead of normal.  Alfalfa hay 3rd cutting was 5 percent, 29 days behind last year and 11 days behind normal.   Other hay cut was 91 percent, 27 days behind last year, but 1 day ahead of normal.

Pasture & Livestock
Pasture conditions were 1 percent very poor, 10 percent poor, 39 percent fair, 46 percent good, and 4 percent excellent. Supply of hay and other roughages was 7 percent short, 86 percent adequate and 7 percent surplus.  Stock water supplies were 6 percent short, 91 percent adequate and 3 percent surplus.

Weather Summary
Temperatures were average to 4 degrees above average across the state. Precipitation averaged 0.47 of an inch statewide.  The south-central district reported 1.01 inches. Laclede County reported 3.52 inches.
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NASS reports: www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Missouri/Publications/

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