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It wasn’t the best of springs for baling hay. According to Pat Miller, University of Missouri Extension agronomy specialist, stockpiling fall forage can stretch your hay supply by delaying how early you start feeding hay plus reduce your harvesting costs. Miller says “Think of it as letting the cows do their own harvesting.” Fall fescue pastures have excellent forage quality, running 15 to 18 percent protein.
If you want to get fall grazing or winter stockpiling from your fescue stands, fertilizing needs to be done in late summer, preferably just before a rain. Much of the late growth of fescue is made during August and September. So for the fertilizer to benefit the fall growth it needs to be applied mid- to late July.
Miller says that if the stand is primarily grass, 60 to 80 pounds of nitrogen would be plenty. If the stand is thick with legumes, they will provide much of the needed nitrogen. Apply phosphorus, potash and lime according to soil test recommendations to get the benefit of all the nitrogen you apply.
If the stand is primarily fescue, it can also be stockpiled for winter use. Because of its cell wall structure, the fall growth of fescue can be stockpiled for winter grazing. For this use, Miller recommends that cattle should be removed by early August and returned in early October. Other grasses and legumes do not work as well for stockpiling. The best way to utilize this stockpiled fescue is to strip graze or limit graze.
An electric fence can be moved each day to give them one day’s worth of grazing. This way the cattle will not trample the grass before they are able to eat it. Miller says “They’ll probably be there waiting for you to move the fence.”
For information, contact a Missouri specialist or visit your local Extension Center or extension.missouri.edu.