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The USDA lowered the estimated Missouri winter wheat production to 49.4 million bushels, based on conditions as of June 1, 2013. This is a decrease of 950 thousand bushels from last month but is 10.1 million bushels above last year’s production and, if realized, would be the highest since 2008.
Yields in the state are expected to average 52 bushels per acre, one bushel less than the May 1 forecast.
This production comes off of an estimated 1.1-million planted acres of which 950,000 are expected to be harvested for grain.
Both planted and harvested acres are the highest since 2008 when 1.25 million acres were planted and 1.16 million acres were harvested. Most of the Missouri wheat crop was rated as fair to good as of June 9.
No acres had been reported harvested as of that date when normally about 15 percent of the crop would be. Last year, 60 percent of wheat in the state was harvested at this time.
The largest wheat producing district in Missouri, the Southeast District, is expected to produce 14.5 million bushels with an average yield of 57.5 bushels per acre. The Northeast District is estimated to have an average yield of 53.0 bushels per acre and produce 6.1 million bushels, the second highest district production.
Winter wheat production in the country as a whole is forecast at 1.51 billion bushels, up 2 percent from the May 1 forecast but down 8 percent from 2012.
Based on June 1 conditions, the United States yield is forecast at 46.1 bushels per acre, up 0.7 bushel from last month but down 1.1 bushels from last year.
Hard Red Winter production, at 781 million bushels, is up 2 percent from last month. Soft Red Winter, at 509 million bushels, is up 2 percent from May. White Winter, at 219 million bushels, is up 1 percent from last month. Of the White Winter production, 11.5 million bushels are Hard White and 207 million bushels are Soft White.
The June wheat yield and production forecast are based on two surveys conducted by the USDA-NASS: a farm operator survey and an objective yield survey.
The farm operator survey was conducted primarily by telephone with some use of mail, internet and personal interviewers. The objective yield survey col-lects actual stalk counts and head weights from plots set up in producer fields across the state.
US report: http://usda01.library.cornell.edu/usda/current/CropProd/CropProd-06-12-2013.pdf USDA-NASS website: www.nass.usda.gov